Milkwood Forest Garden: zero to now

| Forest Gardening | comments | Author :

Here is our Forest Garden in December 2007, four years ago. You might notice there’s nothing there. There wasn’t anything anywhere, at Milkwood Farm. Just out little caravan, and us, dreaming of turning this rocky hillside into a kick-ass permaculture farm.

We knew we wanted to create a rocking Forest Garden as part of Milkwood Farm’s design. And it’s taken four years but, thanks to good friends, good design, gravity fed water, and a certain amount of gumption, we’re now well on our way…

Click to enlarge

But there was one or two other things we needed to do first (or concurrently, ideally). Build a house was up the top of the list. Create a livelihood was another. Grow food was another. Then along came a baby. You know how it is.

So at the start of 2011, four years after first landing at Milkwood, the Forest garden was still largely a concept, with the beginnings of plantings of acacias and a couple of random fruit trees salvaged from a nursery closing-down sale.

We’d started the fertility cycle by tractoring our geodesic chicken dome (how to here) across the forest garden zone, then mulching where the tractor had been. So things were starting to happen, but there was no real plan – not yet.

Forest garden from above, Sept 2008
Forest Garden Dec 2009. Left to fend for itself, with a random carpet of self-seeded pumpkins left over from the chicken tractor
Surprise harvest! Michelle Avis with a whopper from the self-seeded pumpkin vines, April 2010
Warré apiary goes in, above the Forest Garden. November 2010
Harris during our Earthbag building course, in a rare moment of earthbagging. Feb 2011

Happily, in February of 2011, Harris showed up to play ukelele at our Earthbag building workshop. Except Harris never got to do much earthbagging – he instead took himself off and spent most of the week muttering over our forest garden and its devised-from-scrap irrigation system.

It turns out that Harris had a background in horticulture and permaculture design, specializing in temperate forest garden systems. Long story short, we asked him to take the Milkwood forest garden on as a project. A kind of ‘if it can work here, it can work anywhere’ type project. He said yes. Hooray!

>> Dan Harris Pascal’s initial study of our forest garden, with recommendations for moving forward (lots of species lists etc)

>> Path design in the Forest Garden

Fast forward to Spring 2011. We now have the beginnings of an extensive permaculture design for the forest garden, and this coming year we’ll be figuring out the tendrils that this forest garden nucleus will spread throughout Milkwood as a farm….

Intensive forest garden, woodland forest garden, dehesa-style sections and maybe even a special microclimate project in the suntrap (formerly the old top dam).

Beekeeping course in the apiary, just before we swapped cell-grazed sheep for a chicken run. March 2011
Gravity Chicken Run installed at the southern extremity of the Forest Garden. April 2011
Forest Garden from above - July 2011
Contour swale paths going in - August 2011
First Forest Garden course, covering temperate Forest Garden establishement - Sept 2011

Stepping stones and spring is slowly starting - September 2011
Establishing the new forest edge, towards the chicken run - September 2011
Intern Adam and Harris installing drip irrigation - September 2011
Cataloging the plantings and their interrelationships - September 2011
Swale paths filled with woodchips and working nicely - October 2011
Currants going crazy - November 2011
Real shade! The beginnings of lushness! At last! - November 2011
On the forest edge, pumkin plantings to surpress the summer grass and make the most of the available water + nutrients
One forest garden, slowly emerging from the rocky hillside - December 2011

We’re really excited about where this forest garden will go, and after just one spring of intensive work (working within modest means of budget, plant stock and water availability) I am proud to say we already have a small amount of really truly shady space, with flowers and herbs beneath…

Can’t wait to see what the future holds for this aspect of Milkwood.

>> Forest Garden books and resources

>> Other Forest Garden resources on

Massive thanks to Dan Harris Pascal for all his work so far, and his continuing commitment to the project. Also thanks to all the interns and woofers who’ve helped since this forest’s inception.

If you’d like to be a part of the journey, we’re running more Forest Garden workshops both at Milkwood Farm and an urban version for Sydney as well.

See the comments

Related Posts

Happy Earth’s Urban Food Forest in Unanderra – it’s grown!

Inspiration takes many forms, but a thriving backyard ecosystem l . .
Read More

Growing: Enokitake Mushrooms in the Currant Patch

Enokitake are a delicious wild mushroom that's a great addition t . .
Read More

Foraging Ice Cream Beans – Inga edulis

It's the kind of thing you might dream as a kid to find in a bac . .
Read More


14 responses to “Milkwood Forest Garden: zero to now

  1. Thank you for posting your progress. Inspiring. We recently bought 21 acres in Mississippi and plan to do a permatcultlure inspired garden. Watching your garden progress gives me such hope for my little piece of land!

  2. How did you guys
    a) Stop wallabies from grazing all your trees to the ground
    b) Stop grasses and weeds from moving in and strangling your trees.

    These two problems resulted in a near total failure of my swale/forest garden project…

    1. Hey Greg,

      a) the wallabies seem to have better things to do round here (lots of feed?) and the place is densely stacked

      b) grass maintenance is a factor of each patch, but with dense planting and a watchful eye it’s much better in the first couple of guilds we’ve planted, and hopefully over time that will lessen. the trick seems to be to do one small patch first, nail it, then move on (with planting and weed control)

      Gotta start small unless you have an army of weeders, i think…

    1. Hey Greg,

      Since we’ve started in on this road we have had HEAPS of convos about the ‘we’re running out of time, we need it NOW’ clause of permaculture design implementation. I get it. I also think that convo is designed to push the same buttons as ‘you need this [insert consumer item] NOW’… and it is often used as an excuse to treat people poorly and trample on ethics in the name of ‘immediate solutions’. Which quite frankly, i think is bs.

      The thing is, starting small doesnt mean going slowly. It means getting things right as much as you can, as fast as you can. You (or your food forest, or whatever) expand at the rate of available energy, rather than engendering a boom-bust cycle (like the one we’re all trying to move on from).

      Which i guess is kinda what Nick Huggins is saying in his comment on that article above, but the self-driven version. Plan. Figure out what you can do, and how soon. Create a implementation + management schedule that is appropriate to your available energy (grunt, money, time). This way, you will actually and truly go forwards, as fast as you possibly can.

      So to me, starting small means planning big, but not over-reaching to the point of likely failure.

      I think that Food Forest DVD is a good resource with lots of info in it. But of course it’s not the whole story (nor does it claim to be) – however in our quest for skills we sometimes mistake a conceptual overview for an in-depth how-to. Problem is (and we went thru this too at Milkwood in the first year) if you start off green and keen and throw yourself into a project without well-rounded advice, shitloads of research, or you do it with the attitude that you definitely know enough to do it all yourself after a couple of days learning in your PDC, or after one DVD, then it’s not always going to turn out all shiny.

      For example – the Milkwood Farm swales and dams. Had we our time again, we would do them completely differently. And not include swales, as probly not the best idea for our climate/soils, especially the monsters we put in (partially under supervision from Geoff, who was teaching a permaculture earthworks course at Milkwood at the time), and instead use other water harvesting + storing strategies to do the same job.

      Then there’s our two failed dams, also built as part of that same implementation:

      But we were green, and keen. We’ve un-learned a lot since then. Learned even more!

      Good luck matey – start small, plan big, plan well, and it will get there as fast as you can do it. Or invest in it as a future asset, and get in a pro (a good one) to design and implement it. If you go that route tho, make sure they build the design around an ongoing management plan that is appropriate to what energy you the owner can definitely contribute in an ongoing sense, not some aspirational dream of no-maintenance, ongoing high yield perfection – it’s very unlikely to be true.

      Happy to recommend some good designers with solid rep if you like…

Leave a Reply